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Student Learning Results

Description of Courses (Department of International Relations)


IRE102 - Introduction to International Relations  This course introduces students to the structures and processes of international politics and surveys the major global issues of our time - nations, categories, and principles of international relations. The course focuses on the functions of the modern nation-state system and the patterns of conflict and co-operation in contemporary international relations. The purpose of the course is to provide students with a basic understanding of how the international political system works and help them develop their own perspective on global issues.

IRE201 - Comparative Politics I: Issues and concepts in comparative politics, political socialization and culture; political recruitment and structure are reviewed. Interest groups and interest articulation as well as political parties, government and policy making are considered. The course also focuses on the politics, cultures, and political systems of the major European countries.


IRE204 - Comparative Politics II: This course deals with the history, culture administrative and political structure of various countries. The aim of this program is to enable the students to use the concepts of comparative politics in order to analyze the concrete political backgrounds of countries of different economic and political settings. Case studies such as England, France, Germany, Japan, Russia, China and America


IRE206 - Third World Politics   This course examines important features of politics; economics, society and culture in developing nations and focuses on common problems associated with political modernization, economic development and social change in Asia, Africa and Latin America. Through comparative analysis, the course also attempts to develop generalizations about key problems and prospects in various regions of the developing world.


IRE208 - International Relations Theory  This course provides an analysis of the three important theoretical debates of international relations: Idealism / Realism, Traditionalism / Behaviorism and Realism/Neo-realism. The course also addresses the central assumptions and key concepts of various theories in international relations, with emphasis on concepts propositions and, the current critique.


IRE301 - International Organizations  This course focuses on the role played by international organizations in world politics. Most attention is given to international governmental organizations, such as the United Nations, the European Union, and other regional organizations. Non-governmental organizations from multinational corporations to the International Red Cross are discussed as well. The course investigates the extent to which all these organizations contribute to the development of a peaceful and just community of nations.


IRE302 - History & Politics OF the Balkans the course mainly concentrates on the effects of World War II on the politics and economics of the Balkans. The course also focuses on recent conflicts and developments in former Yugoslavia such as wars in Bosnia and Kosovo as well as the future EU prospects of the Western Balkan states.


IRE304 - The Caucasus & Central Asia   This course will cover the modern history of the countries in the Caucasus and Central Asia which obtained independence following the breakdown of the Soviet Union in 1991. These include the present states of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia in the Caucasus, and Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan in Central Asia. The first part of the course will provide a historical background necessary to understand the problems of the post-Soviet period. The second part will analyze the radical transformations in the region following the collapse of the Soviet Union and subsequently will focus on major regional conflicts such as the Karabagh issue between Azerbaijan and Armenia and the 2008 War between Georgia and Russia.


IRE305 - History & Politics of the Middle East  The course will focus on the formation of the modern Middle East, the legacy of the Ottoman Empire and the impact of colonialism, Arab nationalism, the ideological struggles, the oil politics, the power of stereotypes, tradition and modernization. The objectives of the course are to provide a deeper understanding of Middle Eastern politics with specific references to the region`s economy, culture and society. Considering recent developments in the region, the course aims to study Middle Eastern politics within a broader context of international system, regional economic developments and bilateral relations among the regional countries, the Middle East and World Politics after 11 September and future prospects in the Palestinian-Israeli problem.


IRE308 - Global Peace & Security  In-depth study of issues related to global security of the XX-XXI century: proliferation of weapons  of  mass  destruction,  arms  control  and  disarmament,  international  terrorism,  regional  conflicts,  oil  and  energy problems in Politics, etc. The course will examine major trends, challenges and future prospects in the mentioned areas.


IRE309 – International Law   The nature and role of international law in the interaction of states. The basic terminology of international law. Problems of interpretation and enforcement. The relation between law and power; treaties and the legal basis of diplomacy, international organizations, international law and war, human rights under international law.


IRE312 - Foreign Policy Analysis This course is an introduction to ways of thinking critically about foreign policy analysis. It will examine some historical as well as current cases to question the statist approaches to foreign policy. The course aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of foreign policy formulation by evaluating the role of different actors and organizations in the definition of national interests.


IRE403 - Turkish Diplomatic History & Foreign Politics  The course examines the central dilemmas and assumptions about Turkish foreign policy; past, present, and the near future. The course gives a very detailed analysis to the historical background such as foreign relations of the late Ottoman Empire and Republican Turkish Foreign Policy, as well as most contemporary and challenging issues of Turkish Foreign Policy including Turkey-European Union relations, Cyprus Problem, Human Rights and Kurdish issues.


IRE404 - European Union Studies  Background of the European Union: Europe before and after World War II. The political framework of the European Union. Economic integration of the European Union, the social framework of the European Union, the external relationship of the European Union. The Single European Act. European Union beyond Maastricht.


IRE405 - International Politics of Cyprus  This course studies the Cyprus problem, initiating from discussions regarding to history of Cyprus, the Ottoman Rule, the British Rule, Republic of Cyprus to analysis regarding to 1974 Turkish Peace Operation and afterwards. The course also focuses on relatively contemporary issues including the establishment of the TRNC, the Annan Plan and the future while examining possible solutions to it and looks at the role of the international powers in finding a solution.


IRE408 - Conflict Studies & Dispute Settlement This course looks at the economic/cultural/political and religious aspects of conflict and examines some theories, which prescribe solutions to these problems. The purpose of the course is to assist students in clarifying their own substantive views on conflict studies and dispute settlement. Specifically, the students will have broader and detailed knowledge about Palestinian-Israeli conflict, Cyprus problem, Human Rights issues and Kurdish Problem. The students are advised to take this course in their graduating year.


IRE411 - Post Cold War International Relations This course is a survey of current developments, issues, and problem areas of international relations in the post-Cold War era. The specific attention is given to the changing concept of security, new security agenda, and the emergence of complex issues, rise of ethnic conflicts, and the post 9/11.


IRE412 - US Foreign Policy This course is a good application of international relations theories into real life. Students will be able to see how theory is and has been applied to real life by the only super-power of our time. How has the international system changed, and what are the effects of this on states today? What role did the US play on this change? These questions will be answered.


IRE415 – Turkey-EU Relations This course aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of political, economic and security issues that influence relations between Turkey and the EU.  The course will analyze major breakthroughs in Turkey-EU relations with a particular emphasis on the role of European institutions, notably the European Commission and the Council, on Turkey’s relations with the EU. Major issues regarding Turkey’s EU candidacy and future membership will also be examined.


IRE419 – Research Methods This course aims to set the basics for students to cultivate methodological and analytical skills to design and conduct a research in the field of political science. Firstly students are provides with an awareness of the various traditions and approaches of political science research. Secondly they explore different research methods and their applicability. The course also enables student by setting the necessary foundation to progress to more advance texts in the areas of qualitative and quantitative research methods. 


IRE420 - GRADUATİON PROJECT This project aims to give the students an opportunity to conduct a small scale research on the study of International Relations. This will involve critically analyzing a particular case and using a theoretical framework to investigate an aspect of the case more fully.


IRE421 – Greek-Turkish Relations This course will firstly compare and contrast the geographical and historical backgrounds of Turkey & Greek while highlighting their political development, political economy and institutional arrangements.  Subsequently we will shift our attention to areas of friction between the two countries, most notably the Cyprus Problem and the disputes over the Aegean Sea, and a discussion of the reasons why these problems have become so entrenched.  The course will also analyze the impact of these problems on Turkey’s relations with the EU.


IRE422 - Euro-Mediterranean Relations The purpose and objective of this course is to provide an understanding about the relations between the European Union and the Mediterranean Partners. Specifically, the past, continuity, and problems in the emerging of Euro-Mediterranean Partnership is discussed along with European and Southern partners’ responses to this partnership. The course also includes discussions regarding to the problems & paradoxes within the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership, changing concept of security and its relevance to the European and Southern Partners, the socio-economic disparities in the Mediterranean and obstacles on sustainable development and the Spread of Radical Islam and Terrorism, illegal immigration, oil, environmental problems.


IRE423 - History and Politics of The Far East In this course we will compare and contrast political development, political economy, modernization, and state-society relations, as well as institutional arrangements of major Far Eastern countries. The Far East is defined as a geographic region containing two major powers (China and Japan) and some other medium-level powers. Topics of the course will include geographical, historical, and cultural backgrounds of the Far Eastern states as well as their government structures, electoral systems, and decision-making processes.


IRE 417     International Conflict Case Studies The course aims to explain historical progress and contemporary issues about chosen states conflicts. Presentations will be done by students on the conflicts such as Middle East conflicts, proxy wars by super or great powers, power and energy wars.

IRE 317     Diplomatic Protocol The course aims to explain definition of protocol, Vienna  Convention, how to address diplomatic  corps, attending formal events and planning formal tables, organizing  formal visits and diplomatic writing skills.

IRE 425     Diplomatic Correspondence The course aims to teach diplomatic communication skills, correspondence methods like writing letters, talking, body language, negotiation and 

TJ 030 - Internship (NC)

The internship is compulsory for the students at the end of third year. Its period must be minimum of 30 calendar days and students are required to prepare a report. 

Description of Courses (Department of Political Science & Public Adminisrations)

POLS 101 - Introduction to Political Science (3,0)3

This course introduces students to the discipline of political science. Basic definitions of the political process and the fundamental concepts used in studying politics are discussed. The course acquaints students with how political scientists think about society and provides a basis for more sophisticated research and understanding of empirical political theory, as well as skills for analysing political and social issues.

Textbook: Roskin, Michael G. & Cord, Robert L. & Medeiros, James A. & Jones, Walter, S. 2012. Political Science: An Introduction (12/E). Pearson.


PUB 102 - Introduction to Public Administration (3,0)3

Fundamentals of public administration and public policy: concepts, principles, and procedures; bureaucracy and factors of its continuous growth. Introduction to public policy process, policy implementation, principles of management in public administration, and of leadership in public organisations, budgeting, programme evaluation, and relations between central and local governments (principles of federalism) is presented and then a brief consideration of power and information hierarchy in public agencies and enterprises and issues relating to public privatisation is offered.

Textbook: Shafritz, Jay M. & Russell, E. W. & Borick, Christopher P. 2012. Introducing Public Administration (8th Edition). Pearson.

HIS 104 - World History & Civilizations (3,0)3

This course introduces the historical development of civilizations around the world, in terms of culture, economy, religion and politics. The course also focus on the rise and fall of the first civilizations such as Mesopotamia, Ancient Greece and Macedonia, Egypt, China, Roman Empire, early medieval states of the Western Europe, Byzantium, The Crusaders and Islam, Renaissance and Reformation periods, the Ottoman Empire, geographical and scientific discoveries, transformation of Europe and the relations between the rise of the Nation State and the development of culture.

Textbook: Cole, Joshua & Symes, Carol. 2012. Western Civilizations: Their History and Their Culture (Brief Third Edition) (Vol. 1). W. W. Norton & Company.

POLS 202 - History of Political Thought (3,0)3

An analysis of the concepts of politics through the writings of major political thinkers, especially Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Burke, Marx and Mill is presented. Special focus will centre on the foundations of modern authoritarian and democratic politics. The course is a preparation to Contemporary Political Theory.

Textbook: Rosen, Michael & Wolff, Jonathan. 1999. Political Though (Oxford Readers). Oxford University Press.

PUB 204 - Public Policy Formulation & Implementation (3,0)3

The course reviews the complete chain of government decision making from policy formulation to its implementation and its evaluation in various public areas such as education, environment, health care and social welfare. The course covers the major elements and issues of government procedures and decision-making. It reviews the players, institutions and other factors affecting policy formulation and implementation in selected policy areas including non-profit organisations and the typology of interest groups. The objective of the course is to inform the student studying government management, business or public administration to understand both public - and private - sector development processes.

Textbook: Sapru, R.K. 2012. Public Policy: Formulation, Implementation and Evaluation. Sterling Publishers.

PUB 206 - Constitutional Law (3,0)3

A general and comparative introduction to constitutional law and public law for Turkey and other countries such as the USA, Great Britain, France, Germany, Japan. The course deals with the constitutional law as a political legal document as regards state and sovereignty, parliamentary democracy, liberalism and authoritarianism, citizen participation, plurality, and the principles of freedom and equality.

Textbook: Hames, Joanne Banker & Ekern, Yvonne. 2013. Constitutional Law Principles & Practice, Delmar Cengage Learning.

POLS 301 - European Political History (3,0)3

Historical analysis of political and diplomatic relations between the great powers of Europe in the late XIX-XX century is presented and then the introduction of U.S. politics into the world power arena is included to the analysis. The emphasis is initially placed on the relations between Britain, France, Austria, Russia, Germany and the Ottoman Empire; the Eastern Question, German and Italian unifications, the Balkan Crisis, World War I and II. In the second half of the course, the emphasis will shift to the post-World War II diplomatic events: the peace conferences and settlements, the creation of the European Community, the history and political dynamics of the Cold War, and its European implications.

Textbooks: Roberts, J.M. 1992. History of the World. London: Penguin Books.

Peacock, H.L. 1982. A History of Modern Europe 1789-1981. London: Heinemann Educational.

POLS 302 - Political Psychology (3,0)3

This course provides a psychological analysis of the political process, with special attention given to political socialisation and alienation as the two important political stages, which needs the utmost psychological attention in order to be well understood.

Textbook: Houghton, David Patrick. 2008. Political Psychology: Situations, Individuals, and Cases. Routledge.

POLS 303 - Turkish Politics (3,0)3

This course aims to give a detailed knowledge and understanding of the scientific analysis of major political events in Turkey. Political structure, political culture, political system, election systems, party systems, ideologies and the basic political tendencies within the Ottoman-Turkish context is also be analysed from a sociological and historical point of view.

Textbook: Zurcher, Erik J. 2004. Turkey: A Modern History. I.B. Tauris.


POLS 304 - Political Ideologies (3,0)3

Concepts and issues such as civil society, citizenship, nationalism, liberalism, conservatism, feminism, socialism, national-socialism, fascism, racism, sexism and other various new social movements and political ideologies is discussed both in theory and in actual practice. The course also connects ideologies to a broader social and economic system.

Textbooks: Ball, Terence & Dagger, Richard. 2011. Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal (8/E), Pearson.

Baradat, Leon P. 1988. Political Ideologies: Their Origins and Impact, Prentice Hall.


PUB 304 - Programme Evaluation & Auditing (3,0)3

Public programme evaluation and productivity improvement. Stages of scientific and practical development: efficiency, budgeting, management, privatisation, auditing, etc. Types of evaluation: front-end analysis, process evaluation, problem monitoring, impact evaluation, synthesis and auditing methods. Fundamentals: definition, objectives, measures, study plans, etc. Detailed study of the major three innovations: The Bottom Line, Inspectors, and Total Quality Management. Scientific, technical, ethical problems associated with programme evaluation.

Textbook: Johnstone, Karla & Gramling, Audrey. 2013. Auditing: A Risk-Based Approach to Conducting a Quality Audit. Cengage Learning.


PUB 305 - Public Finance & Budgeting (3,0)3

Fiscal functions and institutions in public sector. Typology of public budgeting process. Allocation, distribution and public choice: social goods and distribution. Structure of public expenditure and financial policy: expenditure evaluation, programmes and case studies. Principles of taxation: tax equity and tax incidence, excess burden



 and taxation effects. Tax structure: individual income, corporate income and other taxes. Fiscal federalism: principles and structure –case studies of different countries’ fiscal hierarchy.

Textbook: Nice, David C. 2001. Public Budgeting. Cengage Learning.


POLS 306 - Research Methods (3,0)3

This course is an introductory course to research methodology including research process and techniques, data collection, processing and analysis, findings and interpretation. The students will also complete a research project of their own and will learn to use scientific methods.

Textbook: Neuman, W. Lawrence. 2003. Social Research Methods. Pearson Education Inc.


POLS 307 - Domestic Politics of Cyprus (3,0)3

Domestic of Politics of Cyprus is a departmental elective course which aims to enlighten students about the political parties and political life in northern Cyprus with a particular focus on the effects of internal politics on Cyprus Dispute.

Textbook: Ker-Lindsay, James. 2011. The Cyprus Problem: What Everyone Needs to Know. Oxford University Press.


PUB 307 - Public Policy Analysis I, (3,0) 3

The course deals with how public policies are decided, evaluated and planned in the complex system of bureaucracy, politics, law and economy and through the interaction of public and private entities, citizens and public bodies.  It starts with first how certain social demands and needs come into the agenda of public bodies and then are decided and turned into initial formulations and then how public policies are decided legally in political and bureaucraic bodies. The course offers several  case studies in the form of public projects and plans to teach how public system decides.

Textbook: Kraft, Michael E. 2012. Public Policy: Politics, Analysis, and Alternatives, 4th Edition. CQ Press.


POLS 308 - Civil-Military Relations (3,0)3

Civil-Military Relations is a departmental elective course that focuses on the literature of civil-military relations with a particular focus on Turkish democracy experience.

Textbook: Danopoulos, Constantin P. 2004. Civil-Military Relations, Nation-Building, and National Identity: Comparative Perspectives. Praeger.


PUB 308 - Public Policy Analysis II, (3,0) 3

The course follows the course PUB 307 Public Policy Analysis I and offers the detailed analysis of how public policies, once decided, are put into practice and implemented stage by stage through concrete programs and projects,  analyzing financing, tendering and controlling processes as well as making the final evaluation of the policy in terms of its starting point, purpose, objectives and realization. 

Textbook: Kraft, Michael E. 2012. Public Policy: Politics, Analysis, and Alternatives, 4th Edition. CQ Press.


POLS 401 - Political Sociology (3,0)3

This course aims to give detailed knowledge and a required formation regarding fundamental subjects of political sociology to students from various programmes of the Faculty. In addition it aims to teach students how to reach the required knowledge and to equip themselves with the ability of analytical thinking. Another objective of the course is to re-examine political experience and the socio-political structure of various cases including Turkey. In accordance we will frequently try to understand the relationships between some sociological-political theories and certain aspects of our own societies in practice.

Textbook: Giddens, Anthony. 2000. Sociology, Polity Press.


PUB 402 - Comparative Public Administration (3,0)3

Comparative study of public sector structures and reforms in the developed industrial countries (US, Canada, France, UK, Germany, Spain, Scandinavia, Holland, as well as countries of Central and Eastern Europe, and Turkey). Issues, pertaining to the “DPM” formula, developed by the Chicago School of economics – Deregulation, Privatisation, Marketization, and their significance for public administration Different countries’ experiences with adapting their public structures and strategies to the constantly changing needs of growing economy and social problems.

Textbook: Chandler, J.A. 2014. Comparative Public Administration. Routledge.


PUB 403 - Local Government & Administration (3,0)3

The course is concerned with the relationship between central and local governments; responsibilities of municipalities and other local administrative units in delivering services, generating resources, evaluating and controlling municipal programmes. It also considers democratic and participatory function of local governments as well as problems and theories of urban and regional politics.

Textbook: Bowman, Ann O’M & Kearney, Richard C. 2011. State and Local Government: The Essentials. Cengage Learning.


POLS 407 - Global Political Economy (3,0)3

This course discusses key international political economic issues using a case based approach. Topics: Economic and political challenges of trade liberalization for both industrialized and developing nations, the role of natural resources and foreign direct investment in economic development, regionalism, global capital flows and financial crises, strategic trade and competition. The course also deals with political globalization as regards economic globalization and the dissolution of international system into a global one.

Textbook: Ravenhill, John. 2014. Global Political Economy. Oxford University Press.


POLS 408 - Media Politics (3,0)3

The course deals with the production of information, image and news within political and ideological processes and with the relationship between political system and media. The course also analyze how political system communicate with the citizens anf contribute to the formation of public space and how citizens impact on politicians, bureaucrats by implementing a public control system.

Textbook: McQuail, Denis & Siune, Karen. 1998. Media Policy – Convergence, Concentration & Commerce, Euromedia Research Group, SAGE Publications.

POLS 409 - Nation State & Nationalism (3,0)3

This course covers nationalism and nation building in historical perspective. Ethnicity, national consciousness and ethnic nationalism will be analysed in an international comparative framework. The course deals with nationalism in the context of nation state and its building process and hence offers some aspects of state theories in general and social-cultural integration of people and citizens into a general social whole.

Textbook: Malesevic, Sinisa. 2013. Nation-States and Nationalisms: Organization, Ideology and Solidarity. Polity.


POLS 410 - Gender Politics (3,0)3

The course concerns male-female relations and gender identities in political life and puts special emphasis on the development of feminist theories and shows that gender identities are socially produced and have impacts on civil society and political power. Gender politics also considers woman question and woman movements in particular.

Textbook: Krook, Mona Lena & Childs, Sarah. 2010. Woman, Gender, and Politics: A Reader. Oxford University Press.


POLS 412 - Theories Of Democracy (3,0)3

The course introduces conceptions of democracy from antiquity to modernity and post-modernity and deals with antique, liberal-plural democracy, social-democracy and socialist democracy, radical post-modern democracy. The course focus on liber theory of democracy and democratic institutions in particular.

Textbook: Terchek, Ronald J. & Conte, Thomas C. 2000. Theories of Democracy: A Reader. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. 



This is an introductory course on the theory and practice of international human rights. The full range of human rights issues-international, national and non-governmental- will be covered. The course also analyses Human Rights Law, International Humanitarian Law War of Law in the context of human rights violations of the recent periods.

Textbook: Neier, Aryeh. 2013. The International Human Rights Movement: A History (Human Rights and Crimes against Humanity). Princeton University Press.


POLS 414 - International Environmental Politics (3,0)3

This course will focus on applying divergent theoretical approaches to analysis of the causes, consequences for resolvability of international environmental issues, and look at how these issues in turn affect the future of international relations.

Textbook: Brenton, Tony. 1994. The Greening of Machiavelli. London: Earthscan Publications Ltd.

POLS 415 - Political Parties & Election Systems (3,0)3

This course is designed to introduce the student to some basic aspects of the Turkish social structure; such as politics, system of norms and economy, population, modes of residence, social classes and family will be other important issues of concern.

Textbooks: Michels, Robert. 1966. Political Parties. Free Press.

Dalton, Russell J. & Farrell, David M. 2013. Political Parties and Democratic Linkage: How Parties Organize Democracy. Oxford University Press.


POLS 416 - Theories Of State (3,0)3

The course is concerned with the theories of state according to its classical, liberal, conservative, Weberian, Marxist and Post-modern conceptions and forcuses on the modern state, its functions and political-bureaucratic organization in particular, and its relation to society, law, economy and international system. Finally, the course concerns fordist, Keynesian, welfare and nation characteristics which under change and dissolution.

Textbook: Vincent, Andrew. 1991. Theories of State. Wiley-Blackwell.

POLS 417 - Contemporary Political Theory (3,0)3

This course outlines the history of political thought of more recent thinkers, all of whom have reformulated classical political theories in the twentieth century, such as V. Lenin, Frederich Hayek, Antonio Gramsci, Hannah Arendth, Lousi Althusser, Michael Focault, John Rawls, Andre Gorz, Jurgen Habermas, Ralph Miliband, and Francis Fukuyama, Manuell Castells, and David Harvey.

Textbook: Kymlicka, Will. 2001. Contemporary Political Philosophy: An Introduction. Oxford University Press.


POLS 418 – Lobbying (3,0)3

This course is concerned with explaining the concept of lobbying and different techniques of lobbying for interest groups in modern democratic political life. 

Textbook: Guyer, Robert L. 2007. Guide to State Legislative Lobbying, Third Edition. Engineering THE LAW, Inc.

STJ 030 - Internship (NC)

The internship is compulsory for the students at the end of third year. Its period must be minimum of 30 calendar days and students are required to prepare a report.